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Image Number 2 - Heart, left ventricular hypertrophy

The hypertrophy in this case is due to an increase in the size of the individual muscle cells. More specifically it is an increase in the components of each cell. By contrast, hyperplasia is an increase in the number of cells. Hypertrophy of the left ventricle is defined as a wall thickness greater than 1.5 cm. There is an associated increase in the weight of the heart. Notice the immense thickening of the wall of the ventricle in this heart: use the ruler as a guide. When referring to an organ, hypertrophy means increased size of the organ and may be due to hypertrophy and/or hyperplasia (if the cells of the organ are capable of mitosis) of individual cells. Hypertrophy and hyperplasia are forms of adaptation and are thus reversible.

Left Ventricular HypertrophyClick for image

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